Working Group for Action No. 11

The Use of Technology in Mathematics Education
(Computers, Calculators, IT Media)


Final WGA-11 summary is now available

Presentation schedule is now available

Abstracts and papers are now available

Presentation by Distribution is now available


   Original Call for Contributions

The International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI) organises an ICME every four years. The last one was in Makuhari, Japan from July 31 to August 6, 2000. (Makuhari is in Tokyo, about half way between the downtown area and Narita International Airport - about 40 km from central Tokyo.) The next ICME will be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in July of 2004.

This page contains information about the structure, focus and activities of WGA11 at Makuhari. We (Barry Kissane and Rolf Biehler, the Co-Chief Organisers of this WGA) have updated the page regularly, so that people who participated can be well-informed. We would appreciate hearing from anyone with interests in this general area, and hope that you can attend the Congress to participate in the WGA.


Here are some early thoughts on what we expected people to gain from participating in WGA11.

Find out about international issues and trends in this area:

Share experiences related to these kinds of issues:

Be informed about recent developments:

We expect that, by its nature, WGA11 at ICME-9 will allow us all to increase our personal networks, renew previous professional relationships and gain a better sense of our own experiences in mathematics education by considering them in the light of the experiences of those in other cultural, social, educational, political or regional circumstances.


As a matter of both principle and fact, ICME is international in focus, and so WGA11 will accommodate as well as possible a range of audiences. The range includes people with various levels of comfort with English and Japanese, the two official languages of the Congress, various levels of interest in schools (younger and older children, technical students, undergraduates, teacher education), a range of principle activities (school teacher, university teacher, researcher, software developer) and various other dimensions.

WGA11 was organised in the first instance around contributions from intending participants, described in outline form in the Call for Contributions. We formed particular subgroups with common interests; details of these were made available on this web site when it became clearer to us what the likely common interests were.

The Call for contributions contained an outline of elements of the possible structure of the group. Here is a slightly more elaborated version, to take advantage of having more space:

Level of education

Technology use

Type and focus of contribution

The WGA met four times over the duration of the Congress. Almost three sessions were devoted to work in subgroups. This ensured that there were opportunities for significant personal involvement of participants in areas of their interest, and a chance to get to know colleagues from around the world. We expected that some of the time of participants would be spent in groups that were small enough for personal contacts to be made. It was expected by the IPC that people would attend all of the meetings of their chosen WGA, to allow significant and extended activities to be undertaken. We expected that contributors to the WGA would be available to contribute to all sessions scheduled.

All formal offers to present at the WGA were made by the IPC on the basis of suggestions from us. The IPC were responsible for controlling the participation of individuals in the ICME. We expected a written version of papers before the Congress. Depending on the number of contributions, the time for oral presentations during the WGA sessions varied. The Organizing Team decided on the allocation of time available for each presentation; we combined very short presentations with longer ones (plenaries, overviews, introductory papers, papers as basic stimuli for discussions). Some subgroups may decide to mainly focus on discussion, assuming that all the participants may have already read the paper. Papers were made available on the WWW before the Congress so that all participants could prepare for the discussions and presentations at the Congress. They have recently been removed from public access, although individual authors may send a copy on request. (Email addresses are given below)


We think there is a good case for preparing a publication of some of the proceedings of the WGA, both to provide a more permanent and reflective record of the events to participants and also to provide information to the wider international audience of those not able to attend. Details of the scope and size, refereeing, editing, publishing and financial matters associated with this publication are still to be determined. Any advice on this would of course be welcome, whether from potential contributors, readers or publishers.


Associate Organizers
The Organizing Team (OT) for this WGA comprised ourselves with the support of Associate Organizers. We were supported initially by Michal Yerushalmy <>, from Israel, Sergei Abramovich <> from the United States of America, and Shoichiro Machida <> from Japan. Later, we were also supported by Tomoko Yanagimoto <> from Japan and by Hans-Georg Wiegand <> from Germany.


Links with other parts of ICME-9
There are of course many links between the various Working Groups for Action (WGA) and Topic Study Groups (TSG) at ICME-9, and many people found it difficult to select only one of each to attend. In the case of WGA11, mention needs to be made of one of the Topic Study Groups, TSG7: The Use of Multimedia in Mathematics Education, the Chief Organizers of which are Guenter Krauthausen <> of Germany and Katsuhiko Shimizu <> of Japan. We expected TSG7 to focus attention on 'learning programs' with substantial elements of multimedia in their operation. These include also programs that can be used in school and outside school (e.g. in the afternoon) for supporting pupils' learning and also for remedial learning. These will also include programs where a teacher is not necessary, so that the pupils can work independently. We expected that the use of multimedia and WWW will also be a topic of one of the subgroups of WGA 11. If the use of multimedia is a particular interest of yours, you may wish to consider being involved in the work of the TSG as well as, or even instead of, WGA11. The details of the scope and directions of TSG7 can be obtained directly from its Chief Organizers.

How to contact us
Please feel free to contact us regarding any aspect of the activities of WGA11. We would be pleased to hear from you. Please send an email to both of us.

Rolf Biehler
University of Kassel
Dep. of Mathematics/Informatics
Heinrich-Plett-Str. 40
34132 Kassel
Tel: + 49 561-804-4634, Fax: + 49-561-804-4318

Barry Kissane
The Australian Institute of Education, Murdoch University,
Murdoch WA Australia 6150
Tel: +61-8-9360-2677, Fax: +61-8-9360-6296

[This page was last updated on 5 September 2000]